Understanding First Names in Thai Culture: A Guide for Expats

If you are an expat living in Thailand, or planning to move there soon, it is important to understand the significance and meaning of first names in Thai culture. Names hold immense importance in Thai culture, as they are believed to have a major impact on a person’s life and personality. In this article, we will explore the cultural and social aspects of Thai first names and help you gain a better understanding of their significance.

First things first, it is important to note that Thai names follow a different tradition than Western names. While in the Western tradition, we usually have a given name and a surname, Thai names can have three parts: a given name, a middle name and a surname. It is important to understand the significance of each part and their cultural significance.

Given Names

Given names hold the most importance among the three parts of Thai names. Thai given names are usually chosen by parents with great care, selecting a name that is meaningful, often conveying a specific message or personal characteristics. Many Thai names have deeply rooted meanings, with roots in ancient traditions and beliefs.

For instance, one of the most common Thai male names is “Phairoj” which means “glory,” while “Nonthawat” means “gift from the heavens.” Similarly, many female names also convey deep meaning like “Waranya” which means ‘’forest and river” or “Aruna” meaning “sunrise.” The message conveyed by a name can also depend on the characteristics that the parents would like their children to embody. For example, the name “Chakrit” means “intelligent,” while “Nopporn” means “wise.”

Giving a meaningful name to a child also demonstrates the parents’ aspirations for their child’s future. It is believed that a name can influence a person’s destiny, so choosing the right name is critical for starting a successful and prosperous life.

Middle Names

Middle names are not a common practice in Thailand, but for those who are given middle names, they are usually chosen from a pre-set list of names or based on the cultural significance of the name. Middle names in Thai culture are usually given to acknowledge or honor family lineage, geographic roots or cultural kinship, but also sometimes for religious purposes.


The surname in Thai culture is different from the Western culture, where it is passed down through generations. In Thailand, surnames were introduced by King Rama V in the early twentieth century. The King noticed that many Thai people did not have surnames and were often unable to prove their identity. The King standardized a surname system, with families selecting a family surname, which is then passed down through generations.

The selection of a surname plays an essential role in familial lineage in Thailand and is an important part of Thai culture. Family surnames are chosen based on a variety of factors, including geographic location or provincial affiliation, occupation, or by using meaningful words or terms.

Understanding Nicknames

Nicknames are commonly used in Thai culture and are often assigned based on physical characteristics or endearing traits. In fact, it is not uncommon to learn a nickname before someone’s given name. Unlike the West, where nicknames are often taboo or seen as rude, nicknames are an integral part of Thai life and culture.

The nickname given to someone carries a social significance and can often reveal something about the relationship between the two individuals. Something to keep in mind is that it is common to have different nicknames within different contexts or groups of friends.

Thai Naming Etiquette

Thai naming etiquette is an essential aspect of the naming culture, and it’s also essential to understand when interacting with Thai people. Throughout their life, Thais use their given name in daily life and formal settings, but it’s important to note that addressing someone by their first name can be considered impolite or disrespectful. Instead, it’s customary to use a title followed by the person’s first name. For example, addressing someone as “Khun,” a formal title equivalent to “Mrs. or Mr.” followed by their name would be appropriate.

In a professional setting, it’s also common to use the person’s full name and title, especially in initial introductions. Additionally, it’s important to have a basic understanding of spelling and pronunciation for common Thai names to avoid unintentionally mispronouncing someone’s name.


In conclusion, understanding Thai naming culture is important for successfully navigating the social landscape of Thailand. As an expat, it’s essential to appreciate the cultural significance and meaning of Thai given names, middle names and surnames, and understand how the use of nicknames plays a role in Thai society. By following proper naming etiquette, you can show respect to Thai culture and build stronger relationships with the people you interact with.

Related Articles

Trả lời

Email của bạn sẽ không được hiển thị công khai. Các trường bắt buộc được đánh dấu *

Back to top button